Hiking in Finland

Climbing, bikepacking, skiing & packrafting in the north

Primus Winter Gas

The Primus Winter Gas Test. In real Winter™ conditions. Answering the age-long question: Does it really work?

Primus Winter Gas

A cartridge of Primus Winter Gas and Primus Power Gas arrived in December on my porch, courtesy of Primus. With Climate Change being a reality in Finland and the winter 2015 turning out to be as shite as last year I was eagerly waiting for the temperatures to drop to see if the gas really works as claimed. On a magical day which combined sunshine with -13°C (which felt like -18°C my Weather App ensured me) it was so far and I dressed up in layers, took my two MSR Reactor stoves and headed out to conduct my sort of scientific outdoor test in Finnish Winter conditions. Before we watch a video of me talking and playing with fire, here’s what Primus says about the Winter Gas:

“Everybody who has used a gas cartridge stove in cold conditions knows this: The lower the temperature, the poorer the performance of the stove. Even though the cartridge might be brand new! Why? Liquefied gas doesn’t evaporate properly the colder it gets. In addition, the evaporation process has a self-cooling effect on the cartridge, so conventional LP gas canisters perform poorer and poorer during use.

Primus Winter Gas improves the performance of LP gas cartridge at temperatures down to –22°C. After 60 minutes of cooking, a Winter Gas cartridge is approximately 9 % more powerful than one without Vapor Mesh. After 120 minutes of use it delivers about 15 % more power. The reason for the even better performance over time is that the Vapor Mesh works better the emptier the cartridge gets, because more of its surface is exposed.”

Good, lets look a bit at that in detail.

  • The lower the temperature the poorer the performance

Yeps, I can sign that for gas stoves. See my OmniLite Ti Review and scroll down to the video at the bottom. Took quite a bit to boil that water and that was with an inverted canister (Canister, cartridge, they’re the same in case you’re wondering).

  • Primus Winter Gas improves the performance of LP gas cartridge at temperatures down to –22°C

Lets call this the hypothesis, which I am trying to prove.

  • The reason for the even better performance over time is that the Vapor Mesh works better the emptier the cartridge gets, because more of its surface is exposed

Are you wondering HOW that Vapor Mesh looks like? I surely was. Happily Primus made the effort to cut one of their canisters in half so we can look inside and have an idea:

Primus Winter Gas

Some more information on the Vapor Mesh is in order, me thinks. It’s a type of paper that absorbs the liquid gas. When I went to school and learned to write with a fountain pen I always had a sheet of Löschpapier - Blotting Paper - next to me in case of a mistake. So Vapor Mesh seems to be working like blotting paper, but what’s the idea of putting that paper in there?

As you saw, the Vapor Mesh paper is on the sides of the canister, from the bottom till almost the valve on top of the canister. The liquid gas in the canister is liquid and so the paper absorbs the liquid gas which then travels to the top, which widens the surface area of the gas. More surface area means more gas can evaporate from liquid to gas which also increases the pressure in the canister. How it works, according to Primus, is:

a) Faster phase transition from liquid to gas
b) Burner receives more fuel
c) Boiling times in low temperatures become shorter

This should get even better the less liquid gas is in the canister, as this makes the Vapor Mesh surface area larger. Gas goes down = more Vapor Mesh paper becomes exposed, sucking liquid gas up = more surface area for the liquid gas going from liquid to gas. OK, done, lets go outside.

Primus Power Gas

The Test

So lets get down to testing. The conditions:

  • Outside temperature was -13°C
  • Two identical stoves, the MSR Reactor 1.0 l
  • Valves were opened at the exactly same time
  • Stoves were lightened up at the exactly same time
  • Both pots were filled with exactly 500 ml of cold water
  • Both pots were put on the stoves at exactly same time
  • Power Gas Operating Temperature is -15°C to +25°C
  • Winter Gas Operating Temperature is -22°C to +10°C

This is how that looks in moving pictures:

Or watch it on Youtube.

The Result

Look, I made a nice table to present my initial findings!

   Power Gas  Winter Gas
 Weight 1 369 g 374 g
 Weight 2  351 g 356 g
 Time 2:50 min 2:20 min

Both canisters ignited equally well at -13°C and there wasn’t a winner - the temperature was well within the capabilities of the Power Gas, which might get problems if the temperature drops down to -20°C and more. Both the Power Gas and the Winter Gas used the same amount of fuel (18 g) to boil the 500 ml of water, but the Winter Gas was 30 seconds faster. This means at least the a), b) and c) points above hold true. I wouldn’t go as far as proving the hypothesis right as this was after all only one short test with two new canisters. The real test would be to repeat these tests until both canisters are empty, and then draw conclusions. As I usually don’t cook food on the trail and just melt snow and boil water in winter, I’d do this long-term test like the above one, just several times in a row till the canisters are empty. This represents the real-world conditions for backpackers much closer than letting the stove run for as long as possible in one session.

What it means in the Real-Winter-Outdoor-World

Obviously my test is just starting to show the possibilities of the Primus Winter Gas, and I didn’t even touch on their claims of better performance over longer time. I’m happy to do that () if time and responsibilities permit, but right now it’s either way to warm outside to test it and it will need to wait till I go north and chase winter. However, it did show that the Winter Gas did perform better than its sibling Power Gas, which was the de-facto gas most of us used in Winter (usually with an inverted canister stove). Now most often people that are serious about winter backpacking use a gas stove that allows them to invert the canister where the pre-heat tube at the stove lets the liquid gas vaporize to gas before it arrives at the burner, so I don’t know if Winter Gas is a must-have for them (the gas compositions of both Power & Winter Gas seem to be the same, only the new Summer Gas uses a different gas mix).

However, many of us don’t want to buy an inverted canister stove just for the few times we go out in winter. And that’s where I see the possibilities of the Primus Winter Gas: For all those people who use an upright gas stove like the Jetboil MiniMo, MSR Windboiler, MSR Reactor or Primus Lite+ and who want to try winter backpacking but not buy a new stove. The Primus Winter Gas is around 2,50 € more expensive than the Power Gas but allows you to use the gas stove you have in cold winter temperatures. Which is a pretty neat thing, because usually upright gas stoves start to perform badly when the temperature drops and the canister gets emptier - the Winter Gas with its Vapor Mesh liner promises that your stove now will function just as good as in warm weather. I for one liked what my initial tests showed, and am looking forward to chase Winter up North and see if it performs also in the long run.

You can get the Winter Gas at your local Partioaitta Store in Finland or online at the usual suspects like Globetrotter and Bergzeit.

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Primus Winter Gas

I usually don’t do Disclaimers but here’s one: The Power Gas and Winter Gas have been sent to me for free and I was under no obligation to produce any content about nor endorse it. The statements represents my findings after using these items, at the time of testing and writing.

This needed several tries as either the Reactor stove with the Power Gas or the Reactor Stove with the Winter Gas didn’t catch a flame, so then I closed the valves and did the whole process from the beginning again
If you’d like me to do just that, buy me a cup of coffee or two so I have something warm to drink while I’m standing outside in the cold.

Primus Winter Gas